CS代写|COMP9334 Project Computing clusters

3 Multi-server system configuration with job isolation

The configuration of the multi-server system that you will use in this project is shown in Figure 1. The system consists of a dispatcher and n servers where n ≥ 2. The n servers are parti- tioned into 2 disjoint groups, called Groups 0 and 1, with at least one server in each group. The number of servers in Groups 0 and 1 are, respectively, n0 and n1 where n0,n1 ≥1 and n0+n1 =n.

The servers in Group 0 are used to process short jobs which require a processing time of no more than a time limit of Tlimit. The servers in Group 1 do not impose any limit on service time.

The dispatcher has two queues: Queue 0 and Queue 1. The jobs in Queue i (where i = 0, 1) are destined for servers in Group i. Both queues have infinite queueing spaces.

When a user submits a job to this multi-server system, the user needs to indicate whether the 2

job is intended for the servers in Group 0 or Group 1. The following general processing steps are common to all incoming jobs:

• If a job is intended for a server in Group i (where i = 0, 1) arrives at the dispatcher, the job will be sent to a server in Group i if one is available, otherwise the job will join Queue i.

• When a job departs from a server in Group i, the server will check whether there is a job at the head of Queue i. If yes, the job will be admitted to the available server for processing.

Recall that the servers in Group 0 have a service time limit. The intention is that the users make an estimate of the service time requirement of their submitted jobs. If a user thinks that their job should be able to complete within Tlimit, then they submit it to Group 0; otherwise, they should send it to the Group 1.

Unfortunately, the service time estimated by the users is not always correct. It is possible that a user sends a job which cannot be completed within the time limit to Group 0. We will now explain how the multi-server system will process such a job. Since the user has indicated that the job is destined for Group 0, the job will be processed according to the general processing steps explained earlier. This means the job will receive processing by a server in Group 0. After this job has been processed for a time of Tlimit, the server says that the service time limit is up and will kill the job. The server will send the job to the dispatcher and tell it that this is a killed job. The dispatcher will check whether a server in Group 1 is available. If yes, the job will be send to an available server; otherwise, it will join Queue 1 to wait for a server to become available. When a server in Group 1 is available to work on this job, it will process the job from the beginning, i.e., all the previous processing in a Group 0 server is lost.

If a job has completed its processing at a Group 0 server, which means its service time is less than or equal to Tlimit, then the job leaves the multi-server system permanently. Similarly, a job completed its processing at a Group 1 server will leave the system permanently.

We make the following assumptions on the multi-server system in Figure 1. First, it takes the dispatcher negligible time to classify a job and to send a job to an available server. Second, it takes a negligible time for a server to send a killed job to the dispatcher. Third, it takes a negligible time for a server to inform the dispatcher on its availability. As a consequence of these assumptions, it means that: (1) If a job arriving at the dispatcher is to be sent to an available server right away, then its arrival time at the dispatcher is the same as its arrival time at the chosen server; (2) The departure time of a job from the dispatcher is the same as its arrival time at the chosen server; and (3) The departure time of a killed job from a server is the same as its arrival time at the dispatcher. Ultimately, these assumptions imply that the response time of the system depends only on the queues and the servers.

We have now completed our description of the operation of the system in Figure 1. We will provide a number of numerical examples to further explain its operation in Section 4.

You will see from the numerical examples in Section 4 that the number of Group 0 servers n0 can be used to influence the mean response time. So, a design problem that you will consider in this project is to determine the value of n0 to minimise the mean response time.

Remark 1 Some elements in the above description are realistic but some are not. Typically, users are required to specify a walltime as a service time limit when they submit their jobs to a computing cluster. If a server has already spent the specified walltime on the job, then the server will kill the job. All these are realistic.

The re-circulation of a killed job is normally not done. A user will typically have to resubmit a new job if it has been killed. If a killed job is re-circulated, then it may be given a lower priority,


rather than joining the main queue which is the case here.

Some programming technique (e.g., checkpointing) allows a killed job or crashed job to resur- rect from the last state saved rather than from the beginning. However, that may require a sizeable memory space.

In order to make this project more do-able, we have simplified many of the settings. For example, we do not use lower priority for the re-circulated killed jobs.